What is malaria? (malaria symptoms)
Malaria is a deadly disease. It is usually spread through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. When this mosquito bites you, the parasites enter your body through your bloodstream.
Once the parasites enter your body, they travel to the liver, where they mature or grow. After several days, mature parasites enter your bloodstream and begin infecting red blood cells.
Within 48 to 72 hours, the parasites inside the red blood cells multiply, causing the infected cells to burst. The parasites continue to infect red blood cells, resulting in symptoms that last for two to three days.
Malaria is commonly found in tropical and sub-tropical climates where there is moisture and where parasites can live. The World Health Organization (WHO) Trusted Source states that, in 2016, there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria in 91 countries. Most cases of malaria develop in people who travel to countries where malaria is more common.
What is the cause of malaria?
If a mosquito infected with the Plasmodium parasite bites you, you can get malaria. There are four types of malaria parasites that can infect humans: Plasmodium vivax, P. Ovale, P. malaria, and P. falciparum.
P. Malaria infected with the falciparum parasite causes a severe form and people who are infected with this parasite of malaria are at high risk of death. The disease can also pass from an infected mother to her unborn child. This is known as congenital malaria.
Malaria is spread by blood, so it is also spread through the following means:
an organ transplant
use of shared needles or syringes
What are the symptoms of malaria?
Symptoms of malaria usually develop within 10 days to 4 weeks after infection. In some cases, symptoms may not develop for several months. Some malaria parasites can enter the body but will remain dormant for a long time.
Common symptoms of malaria include:
chills with shivering that can range from moderate to severe
sweat a lot
Blood in the stool
How is malaria diagnosed?
Your doctor can help you diagnose malaria. Your doctor will review your health history, including any recent travel to tropical climates. A physical test will also be done.
Your doctor will be able to determine if you have an enlarged spleen or liver. If you have symptoms of malaria, your doctor may order additional blood tests to confirm your diagnosis.
From that test you will know that –
Do you have malaria?, What type of malaria do you have?, If your infection is caused by a parasite that is resistant to any type of drugs?, Has the disease caused anemia?, Has the disease affected your vital organs? influenced?
deadly complication of malaria
Malaria can cause a variety of complications for life. Some of these are as follows-
inflammation of the blood vessels of the brain or cerebral malaria,
an accumulation of fluid in the lungs that causes breathing problems, or pulmonary edema
organ failure of the kidney, liver, or spleen
Anemia due to destruction of red blood cells
low blood sugar
How is malaria treated?
Malaria can be a life-threatening condition, especially if you are infected with the parasite P. are infected with falciparum. It usually requires you to go to a hospital for its treatment. Your doctor will prescribe medicines based on the type of parasite you have.
In some instances, the medication prescribed may cause the parasite to not respond to the drug itself, or your doctor may need to use more than one drug to treat your condition if the drug does not cure the infection. There may be a need for a complete change of medicines.
People with malaria who receive treatment usually have a long-term outlook. If complications arise as a result of malaria, the outlook may not be as good. Cerebral malaria, which causes inflammation of the blood vessels of the brain, which can result in brain damage.
The long-term outlook may also be poor for patients with drug-resistant parasites (for whom the drug has no effect). In these patients, malaria may recur. This can lead to other complications.
Malaria Prevention Tips
There is no vaccine available to prevent malaria. Talk to your doctor if you’re traveling to an area where malaria is common, or if you’ve been to an area where you can be given medicines to prevent the disease.
Talk to your doctor about long-term prevention if you live in an area where malaria is common. Sleeping under a mosquito net can help prevent being bitten by an infected mosquito. Covering your skin or using a bug spray containing DEET may also help prevent infection.
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